Upper Mustang Trek and Tour Nepal
Upper Mustang is one of this breathtakingly beautiful region’s most interesting and far-flung treks, following old salt-trade caravan trails into Mustang’s most remote areas. Situated in the rain shadow of the Dhaulagiri range, the Buddhist kingdom of Mustang is one of Nepal’s most diverse and spectacularly beautiful regions. Sculpted canyons and fantastic rock formations, traditional, white-washed Tibetan-style villages, crumbling fortresses, royal palaces, unexplored cave complexes, Tibetan Buddhist monasteries and Himalayan snow-peaks characterize this spectacular region, a thumb sticking up into the Tibetan plateau.
The ancient Kingdom of Mustang was attached to Tibet in the 14th century although it remained an autonomous dynasty. Later it was annexed by Nepal, but the people still remain predominantly Tibetan. Untouched by the outside world or the Chinese cultural Revolution, 16th century monasteries still remain active to preserve this magnificent trans-himalayan kingdom, with their unrivaled thankas, mandalas and deities.Upper Mustang consists of two distinct regions: the southern region, with five villages inhabited by people related to the Manangis; and the northern region (the ancient kingdom of Lo), where the language, culture and traditions are almost purely Tibetan. The capital of Lo is named Manthang, which translates from the Tibetan as ‘plain of aspiration’. The portion of the upper Mustang district north of Samar is Lo and its capital is Manthang. The king of Lo is the Lo Gyelbu. There are many complex issues relating to the development of Upper Mustang and the procedures under which trekkers are allowed to visit the area. Change and development will come to Lo regardless of the degree of protection that is extended. Despite their isolation, the people of Lo are worldly, well traveled and resourceful. They are essentially Tibetans and are skillful traders, travelers and merchants.